Read NCERT Notes on Sher Shah Suri and the Sur Dynasty (1540-1555) for UPSC IAS Exam Preparation. First of all he conquered the Punjab. 26:44. The empire was founded by Sher Shah Suri, an ethnic Afghan of the tribal house of Sur, who supplanted the Mughal dynasty as rulers of North India during the reign of the relatively ineffectual second Mughal Humayun.Sher Shah defeated badshah-i-Hind ('Hindustani emperor') Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (26 June 1539) and again in the Battle of Bilgram (17 May 1540). I find that hard to believe. Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty. E. Answer the following questions in one or two words/ sentences : Question 1. They are Magadh, Mithila and Bhojpur. Sher Shah Suri marched against the Kalinjar Fort and captured it. After his death, he was followed as king by his son Islam Shah, then Adil Shah, and finally by the Hindu king Hemu, or Hem Chandra Vikramaditya. Sasaram is the birthplace of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, who ruled over Delhi, much of northern India, what is now Pakistan, and eastern Afghanistan for five years… He almost managed to kill Humayun at Kannauj, but was able to drive him away to become the ruler. Three rivals for the throne all marched on Delhi, while in many cities leaders tried to stake a claim for independence. Sher Shah ruled for 15 years. Rumour has it that Sher Shah Suri (Hemu's Boss) killed a fully grown tiger with his bare hands. Photo of the Sher Shah Suri Tomb taken in 1870 He was neglected by his father and ill-treated by his youngest step-mother. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. True. Humayun was forced to spend nearly fifteen year in exile in Persia. This fort has a history dating back to the 7th century AD. His father was Hassan Khan; His family came to India from Afghanistan. Sher Shah Suri was crowned in 1540. The strongest challenge for Humayun was the Afghan Leader Sher Shah Suri, who defeated Humayun in the battles of Chausa and Kanuaj in AD 1540. In the short span of a 5-year rule (1540-1545), Sher Shah Suri established the foundations of a mounted post or horse courier system, wherein conveyance of letters was also extended to traders. In 1541-42 AD after capturing Bengal and Malwa, Sher Shah Suri won many battles in Rajputana. The ruins of Humayun and Sher Shah's Qila left unfinished by Sher Shah. His successors, however, proved to be weak rulers and the Mughals were able to re-establish their rule in India after a few years. Many of these reforms pertained to the army, but the principal reforms for which he is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. No doubt about it. Shershah Suri. Sher Shah Suri's mausoleum turning into a dumping outlet for sewage from the city? After his death, he was followed as king by his son Islam Shah, then Adil Shah, and finally by the Hindu king Hemu, or Hem Chandra Vikramaditya. Fill in the Blank: Sher Shah Ruled Delhi for _____ Years. History. Why did Daulat Khan Lodi invite Babur to invade India? The fort of Sher Shah Suri at Rohtasgarh is in Sasaram. Numerous civil works were carried out during his short reign. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. Sher Shah ruled for a short period of five years in which he not only consolidated his power but also brought about important reforms. Sher Shah Suri’s 122 feet (37 m) red sandstone tomb, built in the Indo-Afghan style stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Soon after the capture, Sher Shah Suri ( Sher Khan) died on 22nd May, 1545. Later he became a member of the Mughal court of Babur. Even then he left behind him some of the most magnificent fort of Rohtasgarh on the Jhelum lo serve … During his five-year rule of 1540–1545, he established a new urban and military administration, and issued the first rupee. In his time, the rule prospered. The Mughal Dynasty ruled India from about 1525 to 1707, except for the period from 1540 to 1557, a short 17 years, when the Suri Dynasty had control. Sasaram is the birthplace of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, who ruled over Delhi, much of northern India, what is now Pakistan, and eastern Afghanistan for five years, after defeating the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Male Bengal tigers have an average total length of 270-310 cm, 90-110 cm in height and weigh around 220 Kg. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only fifteen years (1540-1555), it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin Khalji and made them more efficient. The Fort of Kalinjar is in the Buldelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. for trade and business communication. This is the first known record of the Postal system of a kingdom being used for non-State purposes, i.e. If death had spared him more years, Sher Shah would have certainly won that renown which Akbar got for his land reforms. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. False. Many of Sher Shah Suri’s governmental practices were adopted by the Mughals and the British Raj including taxation, administration, and the building of a paved road from Kabul to Bengal. He entered the service of Baharkhan Lohani of Behar from whom received the title of Sherkhan, for killing a lion single handed. He was born in Hissar Firosa. - Duration: 26:44. Delhi was won back by Humayun not very many years later in 1555 and he completed parts of the Purana Qila left unfinished by Sher Shah. promotion of arts and agriculture. The history of Bihar is one of the most varied in India.Bihar consists of three distinct regions, each has its own distinct history and culture. Sher Shah Suri ruled for only a few years, but his huge influence on India continues six centuries later, reveals Farhat Nasreen. Many of Sher Shah Suri’s governmental practices were adopted by the Mughals and the British Raj including taxation, administration, and the building of a paved road from Kabul to Bengal. The Shah … Sher Shah Suri's شیر شاہ سوری empire (green) at its peak Sher Shah (شیرشاہ) ruled for a short period of five years, at his death in 1545, he not only consolidated his power but also brought about important reforms. Ans. He died in 1556, while descending from the stairs of Sher Mandal, which is believed to have been used by him as a library. Many of the later Mughal emperors had significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances as emperors were born to Rajput and Persian princesses. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself to be a capable commander as well as a talented administrator. Only a single extremely rare copper paisa coin is known on Firuz Shah dated AH 960. Chirand, on the northern bank of the Ganga River, in Saran district, has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age (about 2500–1345BC). Sasaram is the birthplace of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, who ruled over Delhi, much of northern India, what is now Pakistan, and eastern Afghanistan for five years, after defeating the Mughal Emperor Humayun. But he was feeling the need for more conquests to make his kingdom safe and free from dangers. The Ruler Who Changed India. He was a practical and farsighted ruler who was way ahead of his contemporaries. Numerous civil works were carried out during his short reign. Sher Shah Suri had died in 1545; his son and successor Islam Shah died in 1554. Answer: These two deaths left the dynasty reeling and disintegrating. Sur (Pashto: سور ‎, literally the color "red"), also known as Suri, Zur and Zuri (Pashto: زوري ‎), are a historical Pashtun tribe living primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Buildings. 5. Shershah’s original name was Farid. They supposedly trace their descent to the Ghorids, a dynasty originating from Mandesh in the Ghor region of modern-day central Afghanistan. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545. Islam Shah's twelve year old son Firuz Shah Suri succeeded him in Gwalior by the nobles, but within days, he was assassinated by Sher Shah's nephew Muhammad Mubariz Khan who ruled as Muhammad Adil Shah. Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Sur or the Suri dynasty. We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in . Many of these reforms pertained to the army, but the principal reforms for which he is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. He was the son of a petty jagirdar named Hussain who had 4 wives. Sher Shah Suri Ruled ~15 years (1538-1545) and undertook many innovations in economics & political administration, such as the standardization of currency, & the development of … Sher Shah ruled only for five years and during his short period he was not expected to pay any attention towards the. Support our journalism by subscribing to Scroll+ . After the exile of Humayun Sher Shah Suri was the alone ruler of Bengal. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his death. Babur's eldest son Humayun succeeded him as the king. Correct : Sher Shah ruled for 5 years. NDTV 209,754 views. 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