"Spartan" juniper reaches 20 feet in height and spreads 4 to 6 feet in width. Alexandria, VA. Spartan Juniper. Spartan Juniper is the source of the lovely spiraled topiary columns so popular in Mediterranean inspired gardens. Emerald green arborvitae is a wider tree. Hello, I would like to ask about care for mature Spartan Juniper in Denver area. Avoid wetting the tree's foliage with sprinkler irrigation or other splashing water, and do not overfertilize the juniper. Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan' is a handsome, fast growing, columnar selection of Chinese juniper that forms a stately, densely branched bushy conifer with dark green foliage. Master Gardeners. A welcome alternative to the tall cypress of Italy, this column of green foliage can be pruned into a variety of topiary forms. The disease thrives in … On a juniper, these rust diseases typically appear as galls, or swellings, on twigs. Ingestion is rarely if ever fatal, but can cause stomach upset, vomiting, diarrhea, and (in extreme cases) kidney problems. Multiple rust pathogens, including the fungal pathogen responsible for cedar-apple rust, use junipers as hosts. Once the symptoms of Phytophthora are noticed, treatments are ineffective. Canker may attack bark or main stems. Spartan Junipers can grow into a narrow cone or columnar shape that stays quite thick. Excellent Spartan juniper care can prevent many health issues. Plus, the Spartan’s fantastic tolerance to heat, cold, drought, and salt make it one of the hardiest junipers you can find. If you plant them in wet soil, they will likely develop root rot and die. Phomopsis Tip Blight: This disease is caused by the fungus Phomopsis juniperovoraan… Rusts. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. You can help the tree develop its roots by loosening up the roots when you remove the plant from its container. Question by captdms February 6, 2002. The tough yet attractive Spartan Juniper is a fast-growing, highly durable evergreen. What should we do to mitigate any future problems? At one foot thick it sounds very sturdy! Chinese Spartan juniper is usually a healthy plant. Phytophthora Root Rot. Master Gardeners: Address juniper problems. Leimone Waite. Multiple fungal pathogens can cause twig blights, tip blights or cankers on a Spartan juniper. Cut any dead or broken branches back to the point of origin on the parent stem or back to the central leader trunk. However, they can be infected with tip and needle blights. Remove blight- and canker-affected portions of a Spartan juniper, making each cut to remove a diseased area several inches below cankers and into healthy tissue when conditions are dry. Crown rot or root rot caused by a Phytophthora fungus generally results in a slow decline of the entire juniper plant. Chinese Spartan juniper is usually a healthy plant. Planted in soil with good drainage, they do not get root rot. Common insect pests of junipers would include bagworms, spider mites, leaf miner, webworm, scale and aphids, all of which can be controlled with an appropriate pesticide. There may be a problem with the appearance of the area covered by the unwanted leader. Jun 20, 2019 - Explore P NIC's board "Spartan Juniper" on Pinterest. Twig & Tip Blight:Junipers frequently exhibit dieback of shoot tips or entire shoots and browning of needles. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. This problem occurs typically during warm, wet weather conditions and is usually caused by one of the fungal organisms described below. These trees are not particularly susceptible to any pest issues or disease problems. The center of affected roots become reddish brown, and the outer layer of roots can be peeled easily. Spartan Junipers grow in … Shoots die back or are bushy or stunted. A handful of diseases can affect a Spartan juniper, although the tree rarely experience problems if properly positioned and cared for well. Problem Info The needles are chewed, and individual branches or the entire tree or shrub may be defoliated. Planting the juniper in soil that offers good drainage is very important. Print This Page. Asked June 23, 2018, 1:11 PM EDT. Spartan Juniper Diseases Rot. Therefore, unlike the extensive root system that would be required to anchor a very tall tree, I doubt your juniper will develop roots that would damage your retaining wall. Phytophthora root rot is a soil-borne fungal disease. One Problem to Avoid For all its merits '– and there are many '– we'd have to say that root rot may be Spartan Juniper's primary problem. The Spartan Juniper is a regal evergreen that features a naturally pyramidal growth habit, no pruning required. Spartan Chinese Juniper Foliage Grow them in high quality, heavyweight concrete or ceramic containers for proper scale and stability. A quick growing upright juniper. The Spartan cultivar is also known as Chinese Spartan juniper. Juniperus scopulorum ‘Wichita Blue’ is an upright grower to about 15 feet, which is really a tall shrub rather than a tree. Cedar-apple rust and related rust diseases spend part of their life cycle on junipers. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Spartan Juniper is a beautiful, fast growing tall column of greenery. No insects, no mold. Spartan Chinese Juniper in the Winter. Even without being sheared or trimmed, the plants have a uniform shape. Bright-orange masses or spots responsible for producing spores develop on the galls. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Some of the branches have turned brown on my juniper shrubs. These trees are not particularly susceptible to any pest issues or disease problems. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Sign up for our newsletter. It is best to control the insects in order to control the mold problem. Planted in soil with good drainage, they do not get root rot. The foliage is dark green and quite dense, which is why it's frequently used as a topiary. Nice choice for year round color. I have questions about care and pests. Are All Juniper Berries Edible – Is It Safe To Eat Juniper Berries, Growing Juniper Trees: How To Plant Juniper Trees, Juniper Companion Plants: What To Plant Next To Junipers, Indoor Hellebore Care – How To Grow A Hellebore Plant Indoors, Winter Pruning Guide – Learn About Cutting Back Plants In Winter, Winter Patio Plants - Growing Outdoor Winter Containers, What Is Impatiens Arguta – Tips For Growing Upright Impatiens Plants, Do Deer Eat Pawpaws – Tips For Keeping Deer Out Of Pawpaw Trees, Eggplant Phomopsis Blight – Reasons For Eggplant Leaf Spot And Fruit Rot, Hellebore Plant Propagation: Methods For Propagating A Hellebore Plant, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. Soggy roots and excessive moisture make these plants susceptible to fungal diseases which can cause browning of foliage. For additional information about Spartan juniper trees, including tips for growing and care, read on. I … Replace most of the soil and water thoroughly. Product Description. For additional information about Spartan juniper trees, including tips for growing and care, click on the following article. Spartan juniper trees are a narrow cultivar of Chinese juniper, Juniper chinensis. However, they can be infected with tip and needle blights. That means regular deep irrigation is important for the first few seasons. This fast-growing juniper maxes out around 15 ft. Crown rot or root rot caused by a Phytophthora fungus generally results in a slow decline of the entire juniper... Blights and Cankers. Cankers, which are areas of dead tissue, may appear on the juniper's stems. Spartan Juniper (Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’) Spartan juniper is pest-resistant and tolerant of many climate conditions. Pruning is not an essential part of Spartan juniper care. Spartan juniper trees (Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’) may be the next best alternative. We have a 4-5 foot Spartan with 2 leaders (from the bottom of the trunk). The bags are constructed from interwoven bits of dead foliage, twigs, and silk. Those interested in growing Spartan juniper will want to start with climate. Add to Wishlist; Share This. University of Florida IFAS Extension: Juniperus Chinensis "Spartan", University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences: Junipers, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Juniper, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Juniper Diseases and Insect Pests, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Rusts, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Juniper Twig Blights. Remove and dispose of infected portions of a Spartan juniper before the orange, spore-producing masses develop, and promptly rake up and dispose of fallen debris. Its dense foliage is dark green and can be clipped into different shapes. Proper spacing at planting to ensure good air circulation around a Spartan juniper also is helpful. Although these trees can develop drought resistance, they take quite a while to establish their root system after transplant. Consider completely removing and replacing an old, declining Spartan juniper because it will continue to decline and become weaker structurally as wood decay or other diseases progress. Although junipers are tough, they do occasionally have some problems. Writer: Adam Russell, 903-834-6191, adam.russell@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Kevin Ong, 979-845-8000, kevo@tamu.edu COLLEGE STATION – It’s been a tough 2017 so far for juniper and cypress varieties used in landscapes, as pests and diseases make the rounds, causing blight and tree die-offs. Spartan juniper feature shrub is ideal as a formal privacy screen or wind break, or shaping into a topiary. I have a west facing townhouse with a narrow (about 2 feet) stretch of land between my driveway and the next townhouse's driveway. Spartan Juniper with 2 Leaders. Spartan is an evergreen that grows extremely quick and can be used to create an attractive hedge or screen. They make a great stand-alone tree in your yard or if planted in a row on 4’-6’ centers, make a great screen. Select a planting site carefully. Q. The fungal pathogens infect a juniper through wounds when the foliage is wet. The original tree is native to northeast Asia, including China. It grows well in a variety of climates and offers year round interest. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Many people who plant a privacy hedge or windbreak need it yesterday. Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan' Be the first to review this product. The Junipers are about 15ft planted in a row of 7, as as screen. Use them to draw attention to an entry or path. Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Juniper diseases. Plant juniper bushes in a site where soil drains well. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. "Spartan" juniper doesn't require shearing to keep its size, but responds well to pruning if you desire to keep it smaller. Spartan juniper (Juniperus chinensis "Spartan"), also commonly known as Spartan Chinese juniper, grows as an evergreen tree with a pyramidal or columnar form. Providing adequate irrigation is an essential part of how to grow a Spartan juniper. in a slightly slopped area The soil is clay and I would like to know if soil aeration would be a good practice. Avoid overwatering the tree. Thrives in areas that receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day, and is heat-tolerant for planting in … Juniper has been grown in China for hundreds of years, well before western gardeners “discovered” the tree. Its densely branched pyramidal form holds rich green foliage all year. Chinese Spartan junipers do best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 or 5 through 9. There are many different types of diseases and insects that can affect the juniper tree. This cultivar grows to some 15 feet (5 m.) tall but remains slender, between 3 to 5 feet (.9-1.5 m.) wide. Multiple fungi can cause wood decay in a juniper, typically affecting only an old, dying or wounded tree. Once the water has drained away replace the rest of the soil. Cut the top of the Spartan Juniper back to its joint with a lateral branch, if needed, to control the height. Skyrocket Juniper Vs. Medora Juniper Vs. Italian Cyprus - Knowledgebase Question. Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot. Fruits and Vegetables. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5b through 10. Foliage becomes sparse, and the branches may die one at a time. The Most Popular Juniper Why Spartan Junipers? These diseases force foliage to turn yellow, brown or red and wilt. The trees grow best in full sun and absolutely require well-drained soil. Root rot may occur, particularly in wet, poorly drained soils. Junipers are generally susceptible to tip and needle blights. It works wonderfully for a windbreak or tall hedge. Avoid problems with wood decay fungi by providing your juniper with good cultural care and by properly removing dead or diseased branches promptly. Wood decay fungi typically are recognized and distinguished by their fruiting bodies, conks or brackets that appear near a juniper's root crown or around wounds or branch scars. See more ideas about backyard landscaping, landscape, landscape design. To plant your Junipers, dig a hole three times the width of the pot and place your tree at the same depth as it was in the pot. Step 2 Space juniper bushes far enough apart to prevent overcrowding and the increased risk of fungal disease that comes with it. Do not plant it or other Phytophthora-susceptible plants where Phytophthora created problems in the past. Clipping the green tips of branches encourages a new flush of growth. Use a knife to break up the tight root mass. Hanging from the branches are carrot-shaped cases, or ''bags'', 1-3 inches long. In fact, it's now considered by most growers to be the most popular upright juniper on the market. Fast-growing habit keeps its pyramidal shape with minimal pruning for easy maintenance. Sooty mold is a fungus that is grown on the sugary honeydew that insects such as aphids excrete. It is well-suited for use as a formal accent, screen or windbreak. Tall and 3 ft. to 5 ft. W. Distorted clusters of growth called "witches' brooms" may develop above galls. Juniper berries, needles, and stems can be mildly toxic to dogs and cats if eaten, though most pets will leave plants alone due to the bitter taste. If you do prune your Spartans, act in summer for best results. Hardy to -25°F Maximum Elevation: 6,500 ft. Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot; Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot . Spartan Juniper trees naturally grow into a columnar shape that doesn't require any pruning to maintain its form. In its natural form, the … Mulch over the roots will help retain moisture during the … Spartan is an evergreen that grows extremely quick and can be used to create an attractive hedge or screen. If the insects live on the juniper, the mold is most likely present. Pruning is optional, unless you want to re-shape your plant or trim it into a topiary shape! Tolerant to drought, a wide range of temperatures, and salt spray, the spartan juniper is one of the most popular upright and narrow junipers available today. Multiple fungal pathogens can cause twig blights, tip blights or cankers on a Spartan juniper. It can grow up to 20 feet tall but is not a fast grower. The tree makes an excellent medium hedge or screen as well as an attractive ornamental specimen.