Related: How to Remember the Difference Between Latitude and Longitude) Latitude. Meridians are important for setting time zones. When the Tropic of Capricorn was named, the sun happened to be in the constellation Capricorn during the December solstice (centuries later, the sun no longer sits in that constellation at that time of year). Students use the map and information in this geography printable to answer mathematical problems. How will the equal distribution of land and water affect seasonal temperatures between the hemispheres relative to the perihelion/solstice and aphelion/solstice? The reason for the location of the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn at roughly 23.5 degrees north and south, respectively, is due to the axial tilt of the Earth. The shift of sunset allows people whose work hours follow the clock to enjoy sunlight one hour longerin late afternoon. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn each lie at 23.5 degrees latitude. The Tropic of Cancer is located at 23.5 degrees north of the equator and runs through Mexico, the Bahamas, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India, and southern China. That’s one degree of longitude every four minutes. The Prime Meridian is 0° longitude. Latitude and Longitude - Geography Printable (5th-8th Grade) Latititude and longitude are imaginary lines universally accepted as coordinates for locating places on Earth. The zero degree longitude is also called the Prime Meridian. For any content/service related issues please contact on this number . The imaginary lines which run from one pole to another are called longitudes. The Tropic of Cancer - this line is 23° 27' North. Furthermore, the earth has been divided into 1800 longitudes towards the … Latitude (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. National Geographic Society. While the equator is the longest line of latitude on Earth (the line where Earth is widest in an east-west direction), the tropics are based on the sun's position in relation to Earth at two points of the year. Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the prime meridian. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. The Equator is the longest circle of latitude and is the only circle of latitude which also is a great circle. “Hemisphere.” National Geographic Society, 9 Oct. 2012. Longitude lines will go from north to south. The equator divides the planet into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This area does not experience seasons, because the sun is always high in the sky. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. While the equator divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, it is the prime meridian at zero degrees longitude and the line of longitude opposite the prime meridian (near the International Date Line) at 180 degrees longitude that divides Earth into the Eastern and Western hemispheres., The Eastern Hemisphere consists of Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. From the Prime Meridian, the lines go from 20 degrees to 80 degrees, east and west. They are parallel. 2. They are not parallel as lines of latitude are - they meet at a point at the north and south poles and are called meridians. Latitude. Each minute is divided into 60 seconds, but we do not always include this in a co-ordinate. You are very important to us. Which Middle Eastern country was once called Persia? While the equator is the longest line of latitude on Earth (the line where Earth is widest in an east-west direction), the tropics are based on the sun's position in relation to Earth at two points of the year. The equator is the starting point for measuring latitude--that's why it's marked as 0 degrees latitude. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. Unlike latitudes that have the Equator as the central Latitude, the Prime Meridian has been set as the reference point of meridians over the course of history. The International Date Line lies at 180° east/west. In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface. This means that Birmingham is located at approximately latitude 52 north and longitude 1 west. 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